Historically, the region of Panipat was was one of the five cities (prasthas) founded by the Pandavas of the great epic Mahabharata and at that time, it was well known as Panduprastha. Three main battles of the Indian history was fought in this place. First one was fought on 21st April, 1526 between Ibrahim Lodhi and Zaheeruddin Babur. In the battle Babur's force defeated in the hands Ibrahim as his army was much larger in size i.e. over one lakh soldiers. After the end of the first battle of Panipat, the 'Lodi Rule' was established in this place by Bahlul Lodhi. Then the second battle of Panipat was fought on 5th November, 1556 between the forces of Akbar and Hem Chandra Vikramaditya, a renowned king of North India who had occupied the large area of Agra and Delhi after defeating Akbar. Prior to the second 2nd battle of Panipat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya was also popularly known as Vikramaditya who had won over the Afghan rebels in 22 battles from 1553-1556 from Punjab to Bengal and had established 'Hindu Raj' in the Northern part of India. The Third Battle of Panipat was fought in the year 1761 between the Afghan invader called Ahmad Shah Abdali and the Marathas under the leadership of Sadashivrao Bhau Peshwa of Pune. The war caused a power vacuum which later led to the British capture of India. Finally, Panipat was emerged as a separate district in the map of Haryana state on 1st January, 1992. The city of Panipat is famous as the City of Weavers.
Khwaja Ghulam Saiyidain was an eminent Indian educationist, writer and the Secretary at the Ministry of Education. He won the Sahitya Akademi award for his notable book ‘Andhi Mein Chirag’ in 1963. He was honored with the prestigious Padma Bhushan Award in 1967 as well. Khwaja Ahmad Abbas (K. A. Abbas) was an Indian film director, novelist, screen writer, and journalist in the Urdu, Hindi and English languages. He won the National Film Award for spectacular movies. The Indian Government also awarded him with the Padma Shri in 1969.
Geographically, the district has a total 1,268 sq. km. area and occupies the rank 18th in State and 583rd in India on the bases of this size. It lies at 29°39'N latitude, 76°97'E longitude and 219 m altitude. In the year 2021, there was a total 1.30% forest area of total geographical area. The climate of the district is quite similar to the climate of the other districts of north India. The climate of the district is extremely hot in the summers and fairly cold in the winters. Most of its rainfall occurs in the monsoon season. The actual rainfall in the district was 873.5 mm in the year of 2021-22.
Administration wise, the district is divided into 3 sub-districts, 12 towns and 186 villages. Hindi is its official language. The administrative headquarters of the district is located at Panipat which is situated at a distance of 161 kms from the state capital.
Demographically, according to the 2011 census, the district has a home to a total number of 2,20,388 households with a total of 12,05,437 comprising 6,46,857 are males and 5,58,580 are females which causing it to rank 10th in the state and 396th in India. The density of population of the district is 951 persons per sq. km. The sex ratio is pegged at 864 females for every 1000 males while the child ratio stands at 837 females per 1000 males. The schedule caste population of the district is recorded as 2,06,213 including 1,09,695 were males and 96,518 were females. As per 2011 census the major religions practiced by the people of this region are Hindu with 89.92% and Muslim with 7.19% of the total population. In the year 2020 the number of live births in the district was 41,997 out of which 22,168 were males and 19,824 were females. In the same year the number of deaths in the district was 9,700 out of which 6,179 were males and 3,518 were females. The population growth rate during the period 2001 to 2011 was 24.60% including 22.31% were males and 27.36% were females. According to 2001 census the principal language in the district is Hindi with 92.14%.
Economically, the district is primarily dependent on industries. The GDDP or Gross District Domestic Product during the period 2005-06 was Rs. 7,23,462 lakh at current price and Rs. 5,34,952 at constant price during the period 1999-2000. The NDDP, or Net District Domestic Product during the period 2005-06 was Rs. 6,75,273 lakh at current price and Rs. 5,07,257 lakh at constant prices during the period 1999-2000. The Per Capita Income or NDDP, at factor cost during the period 2011-12 was Rs. 1,64,541 lakh at current price during the period 2004-2005.
Education wise, according to the 2011 census, the literacy rate in the district is 75.94% including 83.71% are males and 67% are females. The total literate population of the district is 7,86,599 comprising 4,64,136 are males and 3,22,463 are females. The district has numerous educational institutes including schools and colleges. Panipat Institute of Engineering and Technology is run by Vidyapeeth Education Trust and affiliated by Kurukshetra University.
The district has a number of famous historical and religious places to visit. These places are Panipat Museum, Hemu's Samadhi Sthal, Grave of Ibrahim Lodhi, Kabuli Bagh, Devi Temple, Kala Amb, Salar Gunj Gate, Tomb of Bu-Ali Shah Kalandar, Shri Ram Sharnam. In the year 2020-2021, there were total 46,735 domestic tourists. who visited the above places. The tomb of Ibrahim Khan Lodhi is situated nearby the dargah of Sufi saint Bu Ali Shah. He was defeated and killed during the First Battle of Panipat. Shri Ram Sharnam, founded by Shree Swami Satyanand ji Maharaj is a religious and spiritual centre in Panipat. The Kabuli Bagh Mosque was constructed by the emperor Babur in 1527. It is the winning sign of his victory over Sultan Ibrahim Lodhi in the first Panipat Battle of Panipat. It is named after Babur's wife named Kabuli Begum. The Panipat museum has the collection of contemporary art and craft.